Training a dog can be a daunting task, but with the right approach, it can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience. There are three main methods of dog training: positive reinforcement, scientific training, and e-training. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, and it is important to understand the differences between them in order to choose the best approach for your pup. Positive reinforcement is a popular method of training that is based on operant conditioning.
This method focuses on rewarding desired behaviors with treats or praise, while ignoring or redirecting undesired behaviors. It is important that all members of the household use the same commands and reward system in order for this method to be effective. Scientific training is based on research and staying up-to-date on the latest studies. This method may be better suited for professional trainers, as many of the methods used are effective regardless of the science behind them.
E-training is a method that uses an electric collar to emit a shock or citronella spray when the dog does not perform the desired task. This method is mainly used for distance training when a leash cannot be used, and should only be used by professional
dog trainers. Alpha or dominance dog training is based on the dog's instinctive pack mentality to create a relationship of submission and dominance. This method works with a level of success similar to that of positive reinforcement and operant conditioning, but it should only be used by experienced trainers who understand how to read their dog's body language and what rewards motivate them the most.
The three D's - duration, distance, and distraction - affect almost any behavior. Dogs don't generalize well, meaning that if they learn to sit in front of you, they don't automatically realize that “sitting” means the same thing when you're on the other side of the room. As each D increases, it becomes more difficult for your dog to understand how to successfully perform a behavior. Balanced dog training combines traditional methods with modern methods such as positive reinforcement and operant conditioning.
This type of training works best when the person understands how to meet their dog's basic needs before each training session begins. Science-based trainers try to train dogs in the most humane way possible, taking into account the dog's psychological needs and natural ways of learning. A science-based coach will understand traditional methods, dominance theory, and wolf pack theory. For distractions that are too tempting for your dog to resist, start with the distraction as far away as possible and treat your dog while he's in the position you want to reinforce instead of waiting for him to move.When it comes to walking on a leash, a harness should be used that does not pull and exerts slight pressure or redirects the dog away from the intended target when it pulls, or it would stop and hold the leash when the dog pulls.
This communicates to the dog what the desired behavior is.Alpha or dominance dog training should only be used by experienced trainers who understand how to read their dog's body language and what rewards motivate them the most. Science-based trainers try to train dogs in the most humane way possible, taking into account their psychological needs and natural ways of learning.No matter which method you choose for your pup, remember that consistency is key! With patience and dedication, you can successfully train your pup using any one of these three main methods.